Bladder Cancer Treatment in India - Uncontrolled proliferation of normal cells lining the bladder wall can lead to cancer.50 per cent of patients can be cured with appropriate treatment
The urinary bladder is a hollow sac like organ situated in the pelvis. Its major function is to store the urine produced by the kidneys before finally emptying it. Uncontrolled proliferation of normal cells lining the bladder wall can lead to cancer.
The purpose of doing these tests is to find out the stage of the cancer as the prognosis and treatment depends upon the stage. Broadly speaking, there are four stages depending upon how deep the cancer has penetrated into the bladder wall, and whether it has spread into other structures outside the bladder like lymph nodes, bone, liver etc.
Treatment of Bladder Cancer at World Class Cancer Hospital in India
Surgery is one of the most widely used treatments. In most of the locally advanced tumours, the surgery is called radical cystectomy where the entire bladder and some adjoining structures are also removed. This operation requires some form of urinary diversion for the urine to come out through a new pathway. In certain less advanced tumours, a partial cystectomy may be sufficient where only a part of the bladder will be removed.
Radiotherapy alone or in combination with chemotherapy is an alternative to surgery where the patient wants to conserve his bladder. Radiotherapy is the use of high energy X-rays which are focused on the area to be treated without affecting the tolerance of surrounding normal structures.
Today, there are a number of sophisticated treatment techniques like IMRT, IGRT etc. To achieve this aim using state of art linear accelerators.
Chemotherapy is the use of medicines given intravenously and is called systemic treatment as it can kill cancer cells anywhere in the body.
The TNM (Tumour, Nodes, Metastasis) staging system categorizes bladder cancer using the following scale:
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